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|Here we try to explain
the causes of the most common types of anomalies, phenomena
and hauntings in an unbiased way
|The views expressed
are not necessarily the beliefs or ideas upheld by Sheffield
Paranormal Investigations or its co-founders
|If anyone has any example
photos, comments or information they wish to add. Please contact us.
explanation:Orbs are balls of light
that are caught on video, film or by digital camera.
In most instances orbs are caused by particles of
dust and water caught in the very short focal length
of digital cameras, sometimes they can be caused by
insects or malfunctioning camera diodes. You are less
likely to capture 'fake' orbs if you use a 35mm camera
using photographic film with a standard lens in normal
light. It is preferable not to use a flash as this
could cause a reflection simulating an orb.
are believed to be the first manifestation of spirit.
They can appear in various colours and varying degrees
of density. Some may even appear to have faces, figures
or a swirling pattern, possibly energy moving around,
in them. Some people believe that if you take a photograph
of a Medium or a Healer when they are working you
are more likely to get orbs if the Medium or Healer
is projecting their spiritual powers.
explanation:Mists can be attributed
to normal causes, fog, heat, moisture. Smoke from
fires, cigarettes, etc. Breathing out near the camera
lens. Reflective images from camera flash, etc.
explanation:Many people believe that
a mist can be spirit trying to manifest and that
it can be the first stage towards full manifestation.
Others believe that mist is ectoplasm, a viscous
white substance which is said to be released from
the orifices (mouth, nose, sometimes ears) of a
Medium and used by spirits to take on a physical
form. Ectoplasm is said to be a cold and moist substance,
responsible for the production of various materialisations
outside the Mediums body.
IS A GHOST?
is believed that when the body dies, that is all
that dies. The body is just an outer shell for the
energy inside. In the first law of thermodynamics
(also known as the law of conservation) it is defined
that energy can neither be created or destroyed;
it can only be transformed from one form to another.
All living things possess energy. So, when a person
or animal dies it is only the body that dies, the
energy is released into the universal environment.
It is believed that this energy still retains the
person or animals traits and personality. So nothing
really changes, except that the energy is no longer
contained in the body. The human eye may not be
able to see this energy, but film (photo, video),
audio recordings, and other types of media can possibly
pick it up. Ghosts do not always appear as full
manifestations, it is very rarely that total manifestations
have been photographed. Spirit energy can fall into
several catergories: orbs, ectoplasm / mist, vortex
explanation: A ghost is said to be
the apparition of a deceased (once living) person
(or animal), frequently similar in appearance to
that person (or animal), and usually encountered
in places he or she frequented, the place of his
or her death, or in association with the person's
(or animals) former belongings. The word "ghost"
may also refer to the disembodied spirit or soul
of a deceased person (or animal), or to any spirit
that may not have quite made the transition from
this world to the next possibly due to an untimely
death such as murder, suicide or an accident. This
is not always the case sometimes a spirit will not
realise they have passed or was so happy in a place
that they choose to remain there.. Ghosts are
not usually dangerous, although they can sometimes
be a bit aggressive.
A place in which ghosts are supposed
to appear is described as haunted.
WHAT IS A SPIRIT?
The primary distinction between spirits
and ghosts is that ghosts are earthbound, whereas
spirits have allegedly passed on to the light and
are free to move between realms. Both types are known
as discarnates (without a physical body). Just as
people are different, so are spirits. The spirits
that you encounter will come in different forms, shapes,
DIFFERENT TYPES OF GHOSTS OR SPIRITS
/ Recurring: Ghosts that
appear on a certain time, date or anniversary; usually
disembodied spirits: Certain
gifted psychics see these kind of spirits on a regular
basis but for many normal people it is a rare occurrence.
Catching an apparition on film is what everyone hopes
for but seldom happens. These spirits usually show
up in a transparent human form and wear the clothing
of their time period. They normally appear faint and
incomplete. You could have an apparition standing
right next to you but it will not necessarily show
up on film.
Ghosts: These resemble an
actual reenactment of war.
of Eye sightings or Shadow Ghosts: These
ghosts usually appear as a shadow. They have slightly
more form than mist.. They are usually spotted out
of the corner of your eye or as they are just disappearing.
or Crisis Spirits: These are very common
sightings of spirit. Sometimes a ghost of a deceased
person will visit a relative or loved one at the moment
they pass away. Many people recount stories of seeing
grandparents, parents etc. stood at the bottom of
their bed and then find out later that this person
passed away at the time they saw them.
Spirits, Dopplegangers, Fetches, Wraiths: The alleged appearance of the spirit of a living person
is quite common. In Germany, they are called doppelgangers,
which means, "double-goer," and it is believed
that seeing your own double is an omen of impending
death. Queen Elizabeth I of England found this to
be true because after she died one month after she
saw her double. As legend goes, you are not supposed
to accept food from your Doppleganger because if you
do they can steal your soul. In Victorian England
these spirit doubles were called fetches, or familiar
spirits, so named because of their striking resemblance
to a living person. The double acts independently
from the person and is not attached to the person.
Some people refer to a doppleganger as a wraith.
member spirits:These are Ghosts that
are connected to a particular family, they often come
to warn family members of dangerous situations or
to give, or pass on, a message.
Ghosts or Spectres:These are believed
to be the etheric remnants of a person after death.
Typically seen as dark, shadowy forms they usually
do not communicate or talk and are commonly found
in graveyards days or weeks after a burial, they are
scary but not dangerous. Legend has it that people
were buried alive in new graveyards to create a guardian,
known as an ankou. Personally I don't think that the
majority of graveyards are haunted being as the soul
or spirit would have left the body long before it
was interred there.
Happenings:These ghosts tend to be
energies left over from historical events. They are
a type of atmospheric ghost except they can sometimes
be seen in more than one location (e.g. Mary Queen
of Scots). They are usually non-interactive, so they
fall into the catergory of Location Based. Typically
dressed in clothing from their time period. They often
appear fairly solid.
(Invisible) Friends, Spirit Guides, Guardian Spirits: Some of you will remember
a ghost from your childhood who you talked to and
played with. These companion spirits are sometimes
deceased family members or the spirit of a child that
lived in the property or the surrounding area. Most
people would say these were imaginary friends. Most
Mediums and Psychics have, what they refer to, as
a spirit guide or a power animal who assists them
with their work and gives protection from harmful
and Sucubus, Entity: These
are sexually orientated spirits, usually malevolent.
Legend says that they suck the energy from the person
under attack. Sometimes a person can be visited by
the 'essence' of someone who is still alive and this
can feel almost solid yet cannot be seen. If anyone
needs more information because they are experiencing
this please contact me.
Intelligent: This type of haunting can be experienced
in any location, at
any time, especially when an area is known to have
a reputation for unexplained phenomena. This type
of haunting is believed to have some level of "consciousness"
about it. This basically means that the spirits are
able to interact with individuals on the physical
plane in the same way that a living person does.
If you experience this type of haunting, the following
may be observed and/or felt:
1) Full body or half body apparition, a mist, or similar.
2) Sensation of being
touched by invisible hands.
3) Hearing voices,
4) Objects may be
moved, knocked over, opened, closed, etc.
5) Smelling certain
scents, this can be any type of scent or odour. You
may smell a floral scent, tobacco, cooking smells
or even a very strong displeasing or unpleasant odour.
are seen in the reflections of water, mirrors, etc.
but do not appear as a direct image.
Apparitions:Manifestations of ghostly
items (Apports) which can be natural or manmade objects.
of Body: The
appearance of a living person who is actually in another
location. They are not necessarily ill or dying, and
can be either solid or translucent. Some claim to
recall their out of body experience and can give verifiable
details about the location where they were seen. This
is very robably related to Astral Projection.
Phantoms: These are ghosts which so closely
resemble the living that people do not realise they
are ghosts until they do something uncanny, like walk
through a wall. A phantom is a ghost that appears
in the same form and same localality constantly. The
phantom or spirit will become such a common occurrence
that it will assume an existence of it's own. People
will come to expect to see it and project their own
expectations so that the phantom or spirit will often
appear to do exactly what is expected of it, e.g.
Phantom Hitchikers or Travellers who often appear
on the anniversary of their death.
is the appearance of some type of transportation that
no longer exists. Often associated with the final
moments of a tragic event in which the mode of transportation
appearing met it's demise. The wreckage itself can
have energy attached to it in such a way that it has
become haunted. There are certain types that are not
necessarily relegated to one location, but can be
seen anywhere that it would have normally been seen
during it's pre-spirit existence. Some examples of
these are cars, trains, ships, airplanes and carriages.The
Flying Dutchman is a famous example and usually sighting
one is a bad omen.
Photographic: These are Ghosts that are not seen until after a photo
is taken and examined. These may appear as orbs, mists,
shadows and other unusual light or optical effects.
There are many varied theories on this subject.
Poltergeist: Poltergeists (German for "noisy
spirit") have been known to physically interact
and even attack the living. It is common to see things
being moved, shaken, and/or thrown. They may not be
"mean" or "evil", just active,
wanting to let people know they are there.
These spirits tend to generate in areas where there
are pubescent children usually teenage girls. Hauntings
are usually associated with places of strong emotion.
Adolescence is one of the most stressful and emotional
times of a person's life. Perhaps the effect of this
stress may attract the hauntings. Another theory is
that the focus person in the household may be a natural
medium or suffering from repressed emotions and that
these emotions are somehow outwardly manifested, which
means the person themselves may be causing these things
to happen without realising it. It is also common
for an area that has this type of haunting to experience
random cases of spontaneous combustion.
Religious: Some people believe these to be appearances of Angels,
the Virgin Mary, saints or other religious/spiritual
Ghosts: These include Grey
Ladies (the ghosts of women who died due to sadness
because of lost love or betrayal). These can be white,
grey or black.
Sometimes these ghosts or the ghosts of murdered children,
etc., will appear as glowing bright spectres.
WHAT IS A HAUNTING?
The manifestation of a ghostly
presence, or presences, attached to a specific location.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF HAUNTING
ghosts do, as the title suggests, only appear on an
anniversary of some significance like deaths, birthdays
and other times that held some meaning for the deceased
or are of historical significance (historical ghosts)
to them. Perhaps an important event in life or an
important lesson that they feel has not been resolved
at the time draws them back. Since this type of ghost
only appears on the anniversary of a special event,
it seem likely this type of haunting could also be
referred to as a 'residual or recorded' haunting,
re-enacting a certain event in time on or near that
specific date once a year. As our calendar changes
with leap years so do the various days in the year,
this may account for the slight changes in the date
when anniversary ghosts are seen. These ghosts are
always seen in the same location. They never alter
in their actions and don't react to attempts of communication,
although they may sometimes appear to do so. Interestingly,
unlike recordings, anniversary ghosts seem to be aware
of our presence.
/ Teleports: This is the paranormal
transference of an article from one place to another,
or an appearance of an article from an unknown source.
Apports are often associated with poltergeist activity,
and on rare occasions are said to be witnessed landing
on the floor, in a person's lap or dropping from the
ceiling. This term is also used to cover materialised
objects produced by mediums during seances. These
objects can range from flowers, jewellery, and even
live animals. Sometimes objects will disappear rather
than appear, these may be found days, weeks, months
or even years later in another place or the same place
they disappeared from; sometimes these objects never
a person who was very attached to their belongings
or home will become active when their former homes
or possessions fall under new ownership. This does
not necessarily mean that they disapprove of the new
owners, they may just want to make their presence
known. Sometimes, though, they will be so possessive
of their former home that they show their distaste
or disgust at any change especially when the home
is being redecorated or remodeled.
Objects: Instead of haunting a location,
a particular object is the anchor for a ghost. This
is when the memory of who the object has been owned
by and where it has been throughout its 'lifetime'
is recorded within in the molecular structure of the
object. If several people have owned the object or
it has been in several locations this information
can be obtained from the object, usually by a Medium
holding the object and tuning into it (this process
is called Psychometry). Sometimes a ghost / spirit
will be so attached to an object that it may be able
to imprint its personality onto it, it is also possible
that this object could be used as a portal for the
ghost to manifest.
/Classic/Entity Haunting: This is defined
as an interactive ghost which does not fall into any
special category. This can be a phantom, apparition,
presence, or even unexplained events which occur in
a certain location randomly, or unexpectedly. These
can be 'one off' or recurring.
haunting -Recordings and Replays: All natural materials such as stone wood, earth, metal,
etc., have their own unique structures, properties
and energies, but they can be altered by their surrounding
environment and affected by geological conditions,
temperatures and changes. These materials can, and
do, absorb the conditions in the atmosphere; including
intense stressful traumatic and emotional feelings.
These feelings can be anything from love, to hate
or fear. (Also some non-natural materials, will hold
these energies but in a different way).
When any these materials absorb an event it is recorded
upon their molecular structure, the information is
retained, 'memorised' if you like, to be played back
at a later date (sometimes for ever). If the conditions
are right for this particular phenomena to occur it
may happen on a regular basis, sometimes daily or
even hourly if that is when the event took place in
its own time.
This theory is more speculation than fact as the exact
combination of these conditions are not known. It
is believed that certain disturbances in the atmosphere
create a breakdown or change in the molecules or energy
particles of these materials, which in turn open them
up for recordings, replays or playbacks of happenings
These 'recorded or
residual' hauntings are like a video tape being played
over and over again. Sometimes you may be able to
record the sound of them.
They are usually experienced in the same location
and can be as a result of a traumatic event happening
at the location, or by someone performing the same
action over and over at a location, e.g. unlocking
a door at a certain time of day every day of the year.
A traumatic moment in time leaves an indelible impression
on a building or area, a prime example of this is
a Battle Field. There have been numerous accounts
of people seeing soldiers fighting battles on old
battle fields, only to learn later that day that there
were no reenactments going on that day. Sometimes
you may not actually see these actions but only hear
them, footsteps walking down hallways or climbing
stairs, doors opening and closing.
PORTALS / WORMHOLES / VORTICES
Portals: Portals are a common concept in science fiction
and fantasy/ horror fiction. They can be of two
forms: either you must step through the frames of
an object (a mirror, doorway, cupboard, picture
frame, gateway etc.) which serves as a portal. When
they stand alone, the portal will commonly appear
in the form of a vortex of energy. In the real world
portals are considered controversial as there is
little known and the idea is mostly theory or speculation.
Portals are thought to be doorways to another world
or dimension which entities can travel through.
It's speculated that portals are not limited to
one location, region or limited to sacred ground.
Places that a portal will link to include; a different
spot in the same universe (in which case it might
be an alternative for teleportation); a parallel
world (inter-dimensional portal); the past or the
future (time portal); and other planes of existence,
like heaven, hell or other afterworlds. Theory has
it that places that experience a wide range of different
types of paranormal or anomalous activity such as
orbs or light balls, strange shapes, unexplained
mists or fog, weird creatures, etc. are suspected
to have a portal in which these energies are traveling
back and forth. A portal in fiction is a magical
or technological doorway that connects two distant
locations. I personally think a prime example of
a portal to the spirit world is the one created
by the use of a Ouija board, this is why it is essential
that it is used with respect and properly closed
down after use.
Portals are similar
to the cosmological concept of a wormhole, and some
portals work using the wormhole.
Wormholes: The name "wormhole" comes
from an analogy used to explain the phenomenon. If
a worm is travelling over the skin of an apple, then
the worm could take a shortcut to the opposite side
of the apple's skin by burrowing through its center,
rather than travelling the entire distance around,
just as a wormhole traveller could take a shortcut
to the opposite side of the universe through a topological
tunnel. In physics, a wormhole is a hypothetical topological
feature of spacetime that is basically a 'shortcut'
through space and time.
Vortices: A vortex is a spinning, often turbulent, flow of fluid.
Any spiral motion with closed streamlines is vortex
flow. The motion of the fluid swirling rapidly around
a center is called a vortex. The speed and rate of
rotation of the fluid are greatest at the center,
and decrease progressively with distance from the
center. When fluid is drawn down a plug-hole, one
can observe the phenomenon of a free vortex.
Electronic voice phenomena
(EVP) are sections of static noise on the radio or
electronic recording which some listeners believe
sound like voices speaking words, and which paranormal
investigators interpret as the voices of ghosts or
spirits. Recording EVP has become a technique of those
who attempt to contact the souls of dead loved ones
or during ghost hunting activities. According to parapsychologist
Konstantin Raudive, who popularized the idea, EVP
are typically brief, usually the length of a word
or short phrase.
Skeptics of the paranormal attribute the voice-like
aspect of the sounds to apophenia (finding of significance
or connections between insignificant or unrelated
phenomena), auditory pareidolia (interpreting random
sounds into voices in their own language which might
otherwise sound like random noise to a foreign speaker),
artifacts due to low-quality equipment, and simple
hoaxes. Likewise some reported EVP can be attributed
to radio interference or other well-documented phenomena.